eucalyptus robusta common name

Trees regenerate by regrowing from epicormic buds on the trunk after bushfire. Fruit campanulate, slightly constricted above the middle, 10-18 mm × … Eucalyptus. [9] It is called robusta eucalyptus in the United States, beakpod eucalyptus in Puerto Rico,[10] and mkaratusi in Swahili. Koala bears dine on them, and the Aborigines have always counted on the eucalyptus tree for many uses, including medicine. The adult double drummer cicada (Thopha saccata) lives in the tree, while larvae of the small staghorn beetle species Ceratognathus froggattii and another beetle Moechidius rugosus live and pupate within the thick bark. Common Names. Eucalyptus robusta Sm. Eucalyptus robusta Sm. Pers. Sydney area away from the coast. Eucalyptus robusta, commonly known as swamp mahogany or swamp messmate, is a tree native to eastern Australia. Eucalyptus citriodora is an evergreen Tree growing to 45 m (147ft 8in) at a fast rate. Eucalyptus pauciflora subsp. [3] Found from sea level to altitudes of 50 m (160 ft) above sea level, it grows in swamps or areas where the water table is high, generally fresh or brackish in nature. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. [11], Eucalyptus robusta plantations in Madagascar are host to prolific numbers of mushrooms, some of which are edible and widely consumed. [3], Eucalyptus robusta often hybridises with forest red gum (E. tereticornis), the resulting plants having been given the name E. Eucalyptus robusta, commonly known as swamp mahogany or swamp messmate, is a tree native to eastern Australia. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. [21], "Ecology of Sydney plant species:Part 6 Dicotyledon family Myrtaceae". Juvenile leaves disjunct, ovate, glossy green. Tree to 30 m tall. [6] The woody fruits are cylindrical-shaped, 1 to 1.6 cm long by 0.7 to 1.1 cm wide, pedicellate with descending disc and 3 to 4 valves at rim level or slightly exserted. [4] It is a dominant tree in swamp forests, often growing in pure stands or with other trees such as red mahogany (E. resinifera), red bloodwood (Corymbia gummifera), pink bloodwood (Corymbia intermedia), swamp sheoak (Casuarina glauca),[3] snow-in-summer (Melaleuca linariifolia), swamp paperbark (M. ericifolia)[4] and, less commonly, forest red gum (E. Coastal north of Bermagui. Family: Myrtaceae. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Common Name: Scientific Name: Blue Gum Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus robusta, Swamp Mahogany. It is distinguished from them by its larger flowers and fruit. There is a USDA report (1963) that will fill in the ‘no data available’ blanks except for price. The Swamp Mahogany was one of the earliest described Eucalypts being described in 1793 by Sir James Edward Smith, the specific epithet “robusta” is in reference to it’s robust appearance (sometimes the botanical names do make sense) whereas the common name “mahogany” refers to the similarity of the timber to West Indies Mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni). The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. [11] The heartwood is extremely durable and resists marine borers. Download PDF Comment on factsheet. Landscape Coastal footslopes, 2nd line coast, Plains, Footslopes, Hills. It grows as a tree to around 20–30 metres tall, with a straight trunk up to 1 metre in diameter. [11] Plantation crops are harvested after 4–5 years for fuel wood, 8–10 years for pulp wood, 15–20 years for poles and 30–60 years for logs for sawing. It can grow very quickly in cultivation and flower profusely. [4][2], The bangalay (E. botryoides) is similar in appearance, but its flower buds are smaller with a conical operculum and only grow in groups of seven. Eucalyptus. It is an important winter-flowering species in eastern Australia as it provides a good supply of nectar at a time of year when … It is smaller than the wild form, reaching 5–8 metres (16–26 ft) in height. [11] The tree is used for firewood and as charcoal in many countries, in erosion control, on sand dunes and as a roadside shade tree in many places, and in Uganda is used to drain swamps. Flora category. Common name: swamp mahogany. Common Name(s): Swamp Mahogany. [4] Eucalyptus robusta appears to be one of several key species of eucalypt for the koala in the Shire of Noosa in Queensland. bivalva (Blakely) Blakely, Key Eucalypts, ed. Rounded Shape. Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Structural class. Myrtaceae. Eucalyptus robusta, commonly known as swamp mahogany or swamp messmate, is a tree native to eastern Australia. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Tree plantations are increasingly common in tropical landscapes due to their multiple uses. Family: Myrtaceae. The trunk and branches are covered with thick red-brown bark, which has a spongy feel and is stringy—peeling in longitudinal strips. [3], A long-lived tree, Eucalyptus robusta can live for at least two hundred years. [4] It grows on sand on offshore islands. Janka Hardness: 1,250 lb f (5,540 N) Eucalyptus robusta and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. [20] It has been widely grown in plantations outside Australia, including Argentina, Brazil, Cameroon, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Fiji, Honduras, Hong Kong, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Mozambique, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Puerto Rico, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Taiwan—Republic of China, Tanzania, Uganda, Zanzibar, and the United States of America,[11] where it has been grown in Hawaii, southern Florida, southern California and Puerto Rico. [3] The flowers appear anywhere from March to September, and peak over May and June. Shortly afterwards, the description was reprinted verbatim in Smith's A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland, and it is this publication that is usually credited. A species called E. obliqua, or figured eucalyptus, carries the intriguing common name messmate stringybark, and E. robusta, known as swamp mahogany, grows in Hawaii. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August. The fruits are smaller and sessile, rather than on stalks. Seeds are light-brown to yellow to 1.8mm long, pyramidal or obliquely pyramidal in shape. The long irregular branches spread laterally, and form a dense canopy with the broad green leaves. jan feb mar apr may jun jul aug sep oct nov dec ----- Other photos. Eucalyptus robusta Sm. Oil from the tree is also used as an insect repellent. The fruiting pedicel is 5-12 mm long. E. deglupta has great potential for planting in humid tropics. Australia: coastal New South Wales to south-eastern Queensland. Specimens of E. robusta were first collected by First Fleet surgeon and naturalist John White, and the species description was published by James Edward Smith in his 1793 collaboration with George Shaw, Zoology and Botany of New Holland. Origin. However, in some years its leaves are infested with lerps and detract from its appearance. Description: Tree to 25 m high; bark persistent, red-brown, stringy (shortly fibrous), thick and spongy. tereticornis). The leaves are commonly eaten by insects, and are a food item for the koala. bivalvis (Blakely) Blakely Eucalyptus robusta var. patentinervis. Conservation status. [4], A cultivar with variegated leaves, E. robusta "Green and Gold" was commercially available in 2005 in Australia. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! [3] The wood is light reddish brown in colour and coarse-textured. Common Name: Swamp Mahogany, Eucalyptus Gum: Family: Myrtaceae: USDA hardiness: 8-12: Known Hazards: Citronellal, an essential oil found in most Eucalyptus species is reported to be mutagenic when used in isolation[ 269]. [9], This species occurs in swamps and alongside estuaries in a narrow coastal strip, usually within a few kilometres of the ocean, from Rockhampton, Queensland south to Jervis Bay, New South Wales. The rectangular-lerp forming psyllid Glycaspis siliciflava eats only this species. [2], The white or cream flowers are clustered in inflorescences of from 7 to 13 flowers. [4] The buds measure 2 by 0.8 cm (0.79 by 0.31 in) wide and are distinctive in that the operculum has a prominent long beak,[5] making them fusiform (spindle-shaped). Frost and Eucalyptus Robusta The only variety that I have planted that may have an issue is Robusta which from my research so far is only frost hardy down to -6℃ It seems to be doing fine. Eucalyptus robusta can also grow in highly acidic sulphate estuarine soils with a pH as low as 2.5. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Eucalyptus L'Hér. Eucalyptus robusta. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) Species info: "State of the Environment Report 2009–2010", "Specific Gravity Variation in Robusta Eucalyptus Grown in Hawaii", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eucalyptus_robusta&oldid=993510048, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Features of the swamp mahogany (Eucalyptus robusta), This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 00:09. Notes. Mesofanerófito com 20–30 metros de altura, com troco aprumado que pode atingir 1 m de diâmetro. [20], In cultivation, E. robusta grows to altitudes of 1,600 metres (5,200 ft), withstanding average minimum temperatures of 3 °C (37 °F) and maxima of 35 °C (95 °F). Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Swamp Mahogany, though several other species within the Eucalyptus genus have been reported to cause various allergic reactions. 3. Myrtaceae. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. [7] The common name of swamp mahogany comes from its preferred habitat of swamps, and its timber's likeness to that of West Indies mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni). Smith gave it the specific epithet robusta ("robust") in reference to the size and strength of the full-grown tree. é uma espécie arbórea do género Eucalyptus, nativa do leste da Austrália, frequentemente utilizada em silvicultura. ID: 520: Botanic Name: Eucalyptus robusta: Common Name: Swamp Mahogany: Family Name: Myrtaceae: Cultivars: Origin: Australia, East Coast, Zone 8-12: Growth Type: Tree Swamp Mahogany, Eucalyptus robusta, Blue Gum Eucalyptus Click on the plant listing below to view the nursery information. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 49 lbs/ft3 (785 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .60, .79, Modulus of Rupture: 17,490 lbf/in2 (120.6 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 2,047,000 lbf/in2 (14.12 GPa), Crushing Strength: 8,540 lbf/in2 (58.9 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 6.9%, Tangential: 10.5%, Volumetric: 17.4%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. Tolerates Drought, Moderate frost, Soil salinity, Water logging. Dicotyledonous Trees & Shrubs. bivalva Eucalyptus robusta Smith, var. It is an important winter-flowering species in eastern Australia, and has been planted extensively in many countries around the world. Average Dried Weight: 49 lbs/ft 3 (785 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.60, .79. 1947. Eucalyptus robusta, commonly known as swamp mahogany or swamp messmate, is a tree native to eastern Australia. 1993).Yields of 20-40 m³ ha-¹ yr-¹ are common in several countries (National Academy of Sciences 1983). [14] It is a keystone species on the New South Wales Central Coast and Illawarra regions, where it is one of few reliable winter-flowering plants. Common name. [10] It generally grows on heavy clay soils, but is also found on sandy clay[3] and alluvial sand soils. Shortly afterwards, the description was reprinted verbatim in Smith's A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland, and it is this publication that is usually credited. International Common Names. Eucalyptus robusta. [3] Swamp stringybark is another common name,[8] and Gulgong and Gnorpin are old names recorded. It has long, spreading, irregular branches, and a dense canopy. Eucalyptus robusta Sm.. Robusta Eucalyptus. ... Eucalyptus: Species: robusta: Common Name: Swamp Mahogany: Relatives in same Genus Eucalyptus acaciiformis Eucalyptus accedens Eucalyptus acies Eucalyptus albens The grey-headed flying fox (Pteropus poliocephalus) eats the flowers, and the koala (Phascalarctos cinereus) eats the leaves. The co… Distribution. Common in coastal swamps and wet forests the Swamp Mahogany has a natural range from about Rockhampton in Queensland to Jervis Bay in New South Wales. Eucalyptus rostrata Cav., Icon. Heath and low swampy sites. The white to cream flowers appear in autumn and winter. Starr-180909-5426-Eucalyptus robusta-large stump from trees cut near pipe with Forest logs ratooning-Lower Kula Pipeline Waikamoi-Maui (29710978037).jpg 5,184 × 3,888; 5.68 MB It is also found offshore on Great Keppel, Moreton, Fraser and North and South Stradbroke Islands. Commons is a freely licensed media file repository. Tree Characteristics. Myrtaceae -- Myrtle family. [17], Eucalyptus robusta adapts well to cultivation, though it often grows too large for home gardens. Eucalyptus robusta var. Common Name(s): robust eucalyptus : swampmahogany [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met A firm favourite of the Koala, the Swamp Mahogany loves wet feet as it’s common name indicates. Origin Qld, NSW. Robusta eucalyptus, Eucalyptus robusta, is native to a narrow coastal area in southeastern Australia.The species is widely adaptable and has been introduced into many tropical, subtropical, and warm-temperate climates including Puerto Rico, southern Florida, coastal California, and Hawaii. Adult leaves are broadly lanceolate to ovate, green and glossy, and with closely spaced "feather-like" side veins running at greater than 45° angle to the main midrib. Has … Cura delle piante di eucalipto, eucalipto o eucalipto. It has long, spreading, irregular branches, and a dense canopy . Eucalyptus robusta. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. James R King and Roger G. Skolmen. [18] A row of E. robusta was planted at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney in 1813, and the trees are still healthy. Copyright © 2008-2021 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, https://www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/psw_rp009/psw_rp009.pdf. It is used as a round timber for construction of wharves and fencing. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Cultivation. Scientific Name: Eucalyptus robusta. Flower colours. pH Acidic, Alkaline, Neutral. It measures 116 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 177 inches and a crown spread of 78 feet. The latter species grows in dryer habitats. Gli eucalipti sono alberi a crescita rapida che possono raggiungere grandi dimensioni; lâ eucalipto regnaus, ad esempio, raggiunge i 130 metri di altezza. 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